It was during the time when the
world was plunged into the darkness of ignorance, feudal tyranny and
oppression, religious and cultural strife, that Sri Guru Nanak Devji, was
born. His birthday is celebrated on the full moon night, which mostly falls
in November and today is the 5th Nov, when we all are ready to celebrate His Jayanti with celestial music resounded in heaven.
His Birth was held as "God has come to save the trouble and bring peace to the
people of all communities, preach brotherhood and humanitarianism irrespective
of caste, creed, color and economic status. Guru Nanak Devji brought vision of
a common humanity to a society. He had faith in humanity. According to him,
Love of God implies Love for his creation. Service of humanity indicates
one's Love for God.
"Miti Dhundh Jag Chanan Hoa- Mitya Andhera Chan Charya"
In 1497, at the age of 12 years, Guru Nanak Dev started to lead the life of
a true householder. His permanent companions were Bhai Mardana and Balu.
Once Guru Nanak Devji was counting and when he reached thirteen, he lost
himself into Godly Bliss and went on repeating "Tera ! Tera ! Tera ! Tera !
Tera ! . . . "Thine ! Thine ! Thine ! Thine ! Thine ! Tera arithmetically
means thirteen and literally it means, 'I am thine'. That is why number
thirteen is taken as a lucky number.
At Sultanpur, Guru Nanak Devji used to go daily to Bein stream for a bath
to spend sometime in meditation. On one such occasion, he plunged into the
stream. He remained missing for three days. God Almighty blessed him and
commanded, "O Nanaka ! When you look at anyone gracefully, it is not yours,
but My graceful look. My name is the Supreme Brahma, the Supreme Lord; and
thy name is the Guru, Permeshwar". God pleasingly commanded Nanaka to repeat
the "Naam" and spread this Naam to others.".
Guru Nanak Devji, the World-Teacher pronounced that "There is only one God,
True is His Name. He is the Creator, Fearless, Devoid of hate, Immortal,
Self-Existent, by the Grace of the Enlightener. You can realize him. He is
True one in the beginning; True in the primeval age; True He is, O Nanak;
True He shall always be. "
Guru Nanak Devji further said, "There is no Hindu, no Musalman", implying
that the dividing lines between the creeds are unreal and false. So men must
come under a sole universal creed, wherein lies no scope for the sectarian
discord. People began to call him "Nanak Nirankari" - God's Nanak.
Guru Nanak Devji worked for the renovation of humanity, who along with Bhai
Mardana and Bhai Bala undertook long tours both in and outside India for
spreading the mission of the true "Nama" and expounding the philosophy of
the "True Thought". He visited prominent religious centers of Hindus,
Muslims and had discourses, discussions with the renowned missionaries, elite
personalities of various religions, leaders of the social order. He saw
Brahmanism in practice at Banaras. Buddhists came across in Burma, Tibet and
Ceylon. In Arabia and Iraq, he had meetings with the Muslim Hajis and Imams in
Mecca and Baghdad. He also visited the land of the black Habash, Abyssina
few Islands of the Indian Ocean. Thus Guru Nanak undertook an extensive
missionary tour of the world. Wherever he went, large crowds assembled to
hear his divine message, the message of universal love, the message of
humanitarian service and the message of adoration and uniqueness of God. For
him, there was Divine music pervading everywhere and in everything.
Guru Nanak Devji slept with his feet towards the Kaaba at Mecca. When the
angry Mulla remonstrated his impertinence Guru Nanak Dev's humble reply was,
"Please turn my feet in any direction where there is no God."
At Lahore, Duni Chand - a wealthy Khatri, who was a moneylender, once came
to see Guru Nanak Devji. By giving him a needle the Guru said, "Duni Chand,
keep it with thee and give it back to me in the next world. "Surprisingly
Duni Chand replied," Master, this needle I shall not be able to carry with
me after death, how shall then I return it to you?" The Guru then asked,
"What is use then, Duni Chand, are thy millions to thee?' The very word
brought a transformation in Duni Chand and he became Guru Nanak Dev's
follower. According to the advice of the Guru, he distributed most of his
wealth amongst the needy and the poor.
Guru Nanak Devji exalted the status of woman by saying : "It is from women,
the condemned one, that we are conceived and it is from her that we are
born. It is to the women that we are engaged and married. It is the woman
who is our life - long friend and it s she who keeps our race going. It is
women again who is sought when one loses one's previous wife. It is woman
through whom we establish our social ties. Then why denounce her form whom
even kings and great men are born."
Guru Nanak Devji had preached his Divine mission and had settled on the right
bank of river Ravi at Kartarpur. People visited Kartarpur and were blessed by
the Guru, where. Sangat' means the religious congregation and 'Pangat the free
kitchen had started. In both these set ups, men and women were welcomed
irrespective of caste, color or creed. It was a community style of living
"Dana Pani Guru Ka, Taihal Bhawna
Sikhan Ki" was common saying of the time, which means "provisions are
provided by the Providence (God) and service is rendered by the community".
The Guru bestowed the gift of Divine "Naam" to all those who paid a visit to
Then came the day of destiny. The Guru prepared to depart from the world of
mortals and his return to the Eternal Home. He addressed the disciples who
had assemble around him :
The appointed hour hath come- the hour of marriage and union with the Spouse
Assemble ye, my Comrades: Cluster
round me and lift up your merry notes: Sing the praises of the Divine,
Comforting Lord. Anoint the Bride, Pour oil on her forehead, Give her your
blessings, And pray that she may meet her Lord, And he happy with him for
aye. Sing Ye, my friends, the praises of the Spouse; For the appointed hour
of union hath come."
Thus singing the Word of God. Guru Nanak Devji left His mortal coil and merged
with Brahman. It was September 22, 1539. Quarrel ensued between Hindus and
Muslims. The Hindus wanted him to be cremated and Muslims desired him to be
buried. Both claimed him with equal reverence. There was unending dispute
ultimately, it was decided to place fresh flowers near the body by both the
communities for the night and the flowers of whomsoever withered first will
abandon their claim on the body. However, in the morning it was discovered
that the body has disappeared. There were only flowers and silence. At last,
they agreed to divide the sheet into two halves, which was subsequently
buried by the Muslims and cremated by the Hindus as per their respective
November is the Sri Guru Nanak Devji's Jayanti and many communities specially,
Punjabi, Sikhs, Sindhi and many more from other parts of the country visit Guruduwara, if not regularly, but on occasions like this
and others Gurus'
Birth Centenaries. I, being Sindhi, am proud of my Pujya Guru Nanak Sahib
Devji from the tender age of 4 years, when I used to accompany my grand
father and father, who used to visit Guruduwara before entering in to their
business premises and I was visiting with a hope of getting Kanah Prasad.
Those seeds of rightful living and pouries or slokas recited at that time, had
made a mark on me, although I was unaware of its significance then and even
now, but these were lingering within me and I thought of sharing with you all
my feelings, gratitude and duties towards the saint of 15th Century.
The Guru Granth Sahib
Like the Bible of Christianity, the Vedas of Hinduism or the Koran of Islam,
the Guru Granth Sahib, also known as the Adi Granth, is the main scripture
of Sikhism. Compared to other religions, Sikhism is a religion of recent
origin, founded in the 15th Century AD by its founder Sri Guru Nanak Devji.
Although like Islam it believes in the oneness of God and is opposed to idol
worship, in many respects it is an offshoot of Hinduism and is much closer
It evolved primarily out of Hinduism, in line with the Bhakti marg or the
devotional path of Hinduism, as a kind of reform movement In many respects,
it is much more closer to Hinduism than either Buddhism or Jainism and
unlike the latter it maintained a very healthy relationship with Hinduism
throughout. The relationship between Hinduism and Sikhism can be compared to
that of a son and father, where the son though a grown up individual has
never lost his respect towards his father and took upon himself the
responsibility of taking care of the latter.
Whatever, may be the case, however, those who study the Guru Granth Sahib
are bound to realize that with regard to the emphasis it lays on pure and
unconditional devotion to God, on a life that is dedicated completely to the
remembrance of God, to the chanting of His Glory, His words and His Name,
and the importance and necessity of a true Guru in ones spiritual salvation,
Sikhism stands apart as a purely devotional religion and is way beyond all
the known religions as an expression of pure and unconditional love to God.
In its philosophy and emphasis it transcends all faiths. Because of its
simplicity and unpretentious approach to God, it does not hurt, beyond
tolerable limits, the religious sentiments or beliefs of any. And
irrespective of the religion, the caste or the creed to which each belongs,
it has the potential to appeal to all and inspire all.
The Guru Granth Sahibji in its present form was originally compiled by the
tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. The Scripture contains 5894 hymns of pure
devotion composed in 18 ragas (musical patterns) by the ten Gurus and 15
Hindu and Muslim saints such as Kabir, Shiak Fareed etc. Of these Guru Nanak
Devji contributed 974 hymns. The hymns were originally composed in different
languages such as Persian, mediaeval Prakrit, Hindi, Marathi, old Punjabi,
Multani, and several local dialects.
The basic philosophy of Sikhism revolves mainly around three concepts:
Naam, the name of God,
Shabad the word of God and
Sat Sang, the company of the pious and the holy.
These are the simple means to
salvation. The Book teaches that outward rituals and indulgence in the
worldly pleasure only bring us pain. What is required is inner purification,
true devotion and surrender to God. The true Guru is the Naam, the name of
God by remembering which constantly one can achieve salvation. However a
Guru, who has become completely absorbed in the contemplation of Naam and
has become united with God in thought and deed, can also help us to cross
the world of illusion and taste the sweetness of the Lord.
Special mention may be made of Japji, comprising of the thirty eight short
poems of Nanak which appear at the beginning of the Adi Granth. It contains
the essential teachings and beliefs of Sikhism and is considered to be very
important. The poems are rendered in various ragas (musical modes) and are
sung by Sikh devotees as a mark of devotion and respect to the Guru.
Compiled in the sixteenth century and composed entirely in lyrical form, the
hymns are mostly devotional in nature. During ceremonial occasions and
functions, they are sung individually or in a chorus by the devotees with
utmost devotion, love and humility. The Guru Granth Sahib can be truly
called the essence of all religions, since it contains hymns and verses from
many sacred books of various religions and sects of Hinduism.
The Sikhs had ten Gurus in human form, but it was decided that henceforth
the Guru Granth Sahib would become the eleventh Guru and would remain so
forever as the living embodiment of the Gurus. The Book is kept in all the
Gurudwaras, the Sikh places of worship and worshipped daily. In the common
households, wherever the book is, it is kept in sacred surroundings, treated
with utmost respect, and worshipped during all important religious occasions
The Absolute Truth being infinite, It cannot be defined through words or
concepts, which are relative and limited, according to one's own concept and
understanding. However, efforts are being made by all concerned to
communicate and capitulation of the Absolute Truth in His own style and ways to
come to the understanding of the common man.
The teachings of Sri Guru Nanakji are found in the "Guru Garanth Sahib". It
begins with the Moolmantra, which is chanted by even little children of
Sikhs, Punjabi, Sindhis and other communities through out the World.
"IK-ONKAAR SAT-NAAM KARTAA-PURAKH NIRBHAU NIRVAIR AKAAL MOORAT, AJUNI
SAIBANGH GURUPRASAD JAP"
Mantras are those mystical sound symbols, which serve to protect who chants
them and reflects upon its meaning. The above mantra is considered to be the moolmantra of the "Granth Sahib"
and the entire Truth is enshrined in this
mantra, is the entire "Japji Sahib." It is this mool mantra as well that Sri
Guru Nanak Devji performed Mangalaacharan, praising Lord before starting on
the "Japji Sahib."
IK ONKAAR -The One God, the Absolute Reality-
Shri Guru Nanakji added IK before OM
to indicate that this OM alone is one. God can be only one. There is neither
a Hindu God nor a Muslim Allah nor a Christian God separate from a Jew God.
The names of God in various religions are different, but He as such is One.
The word Ik has greater depth and meaning, whatever there is in this Universe
consists in that ONE alone. There is only One Reality, the Plurality does
"NANAK KAHAT JAGAT SUBH MITHYAA, JNU SUPNA RAHENAAIE." This world is an
illusion, like a dream in the night. Truth or Reality is that which remains
unchanged in three periods of time-Past-Present and Future.
"ADD SACH, JUGAAD SACH, HAI BHI SACH, NANAK HOSI BHI SACH."
SAT NAAM- HIS NAME IS SAT, EVER TRUE- We consider ourselves to be the body
think of ourselves as handsome or beautiful, tall or short, fat or lean,
etc. But this body does not exist in dream or deep sleep. Then how can we
say we are body. The one who witness of ever-changing body, mind, intellect
is the Eternal, Changeless Existence, which we call TRUTH and in religion, it
is known as GOD. Sat means Eternal. Sat Naam also means HIS NAME IS TRUE or
His name is Truth because it leads us to Him.
KARTAA PURAKH - THE ONE DOER, THE ONE CREATOR - All our sciences are nothing
but an inquiry into the cause of things. Every branch of science is working
towards to find out as to what is the cause of the Universe and from where the
Universe came? Each time the earlier concept is thrown due to new discovery
and search is still on and their present saying is that the Creation came forth
from inert mass or energy and life was created from the interplay of these
the Universe is one big accident. For every effect, there must be a cause.
All Religions say that there is one ultimate cause of the Universe and if we
see this Creation, then the material as well as instruments with which God
created everything must have come from Him. He is present in each and every
being in the universe and thus He is Kartaa Purakh. But why do we suffer? We
suffer because of our own false identification with this limited ego which
is full of desires, selfishness, passions, greed, likes, dislikes, fears,
hatred and self-made sorrows.
NIRBHAU NIRVAR-FEARLESS and ALL LOVING IS HE - The Lord is nirbhav or fearless
because there is none higher than Him and there is nothing other than Him.
Fear can also be unknown. But the CREATOR is All-knowing. One may feel that
such a powerful and fearless person could be a terror. No, Guru Nanak Devji
says the Lord is NIRVAIR, He is without hatred, enmity, for there is no one
separate from Him. He is all loving. A Saadhak or seeker cannot afford to
entertain negative qualities.
The ego, this sense of individuality with all likes and dislikes, is cause of
fear and enmity. Surrender the ego at the feet of the Lord and think the Lord
you are inseparable. Do not fear death, it is part of life. In a way, death
is the promotion of Ataman, because it leaves one body and goes and resides
another body like transfer from one place to another.
AKAAL MOORAT-HIS FORM TRANSCENDS TIME.- He is beyond time and without death or
change. There are a few who believe that God created the world and then
perished like seed perishes to become tree or as milk disappears to form
curd. The universe is not real, it is superimposed on the Reality. It is
like a dream and nothing in the dream can harm the waker. In the same way,
God, the Reality, can never perish or die. He is creator of time, He was
before time and He is beyond time. He is aware of time and cannot be conditioned
AJUNI-HE IS WITHOUT BIRTH OR BEGINING - God has no birthday. He was never
born. That which is born, has to die. He is beyond birth and death, so is Aatmaa. He can manifest Himself by His own Maya. HE who surrenders to the
Lord and realizes His own nature as the Aatmaa, which is Ajuni, unborn, is
freed from the cycle of birth and death. Some one may ask, " If God created
the entire Universe, who created God? Shri Guru Nanak Devji says, "He is
SAIBANGH-HE IS SELF EXISTENT and SELF-ILLUMINATING- It is Saibangh which
means, It is shinning in Its' own light. It is of the nature of
Consciousness without which even the Sun cannot be seen. This Consciousness
lights up the entire universe. It is ever shining in Its' own light. How can
such Reality be gained ? It could be gained through the grace of Guru.
GURUPARSAAD-The Grace of Guru.- The Guru is He who removes the darkness of
ignorance. Guru inspires us, guide us, and reveal to us His true nature. It is
" Guru Brahmaah, Guru Vishnuh. Guru Devo Maheshwarah,
Gurureva Param Brahma, Tasmai Sri Gurave Namah."
Guru is Creator, Guru is the Sustainer, Vishnu, Guru is Destroyer, Shiva.
Guru is Lord of the Universe. Guru is absolute Reality, the Param Brahma.
Unto that noble Teacher Or Guru, my humble prostrations " Guru Nanakji Dev
"GUR ISAR, GUR GORAKH BARMAA, GUR PARBATI MA-EE" The Lord is the one Guru of
all. He is giver of all knowledge. Who taught the birds to fly, sing and build
nests and look for food? He is Aadi Guru, the first Guru. He appears again
again in the form of different Gurus to bless the seekers. There are no
words to describe HIS Compassion and Grace, His Parsaad? His mere glance can
transform a sinner into a saint. The cool stream of Ganga Mata flowing from
His lotus lips destroys the evil of ignorance, washes away the sins of
countless lifetimes and ends the burning sorrows of Samsaara. His Lotus feet
are the one refuge in many storms of life. Even Devtas, the heavenly
denizens, cherish the sacred dust of His feet.
Sri Kabirdas once said, " SUB DHARTI KAAGAZ KARO, LEKHAN SUB BAN RAI, SAAT
SAMUDRA KI MASI KARO, GURU GUN LIKHEEYA NA JA-EE."
If the entire earth were turned into paper, all the trees in all the world's
forests into pen, and all the seven seas oceans into ink. Still they would not
suffice for me to write about the glories of my Guru."
Guru Nanakji says, JE HAU JAANA AAKHA NAAHI, KAHNA KATHAN NA JA-EE."
"Even if I knew Him and all His glories, still I would never be able to
describe Him, for He is indescribable"
To surrender in devotion at His lotus feet, is the only direct means of
salvation. "NA GUROH ADHIKAM TATVAM, NA GUROH ADHIKAM TAPAH, TATVA GYAANAAT
PARAM NAASTI, TASMAI SHRI GURAVE NAMAH.'
JAP-CHANT- "IK ONKAAR SAT-NAAM KARTAA-PURAKH NIRBHAU NIRVAIR KAAL-MOORAT
AJUNI SAIBANGH GURUPRASAD JAP".
This mantra should be read and recited in a slow, gentle and loving repetition
as if you are calling your beloved again and again. When recited with devotion
with meaning, this Japa will purify the mind and takes the seeker to higher
Bliss and dissolves into Truth.
Start and do not wait for any auspicious day, because all days are auspicious
and you can't get auspicious day than today, which is Sri Guru Nanak Devji's
Jayanti. The grace of Lord or Guru is ever with us. Chant, reflect,
understand, contemplate, meditate and realize. Sri Guru Nanak Devji completes
the Japji with the message.(38 pauree).
"JAT PAHAARAA DHEERAJ SUNIAAR, AHARAN MAT VED HATHIAAR.
BHAU KAHALAA AGAN TAP TAAO, BHAANDAA BHAAO AMRIT TIT DHALL.
GHAREEAI SHABAD SACHEE TAKSAAL, JIN KAU NADAR KARAM TIN KAAR.
NANAK NADREE NADAR NIHAAL.
Let forbearance be the furnace and patience the goldsmith, let the
understanding be the anvil and Veda, spiritual knowledge, the hammer. Let fear
be the bellows and austerity, the fire, and let love be the crucible in which
pour down thou the ambrosia. Thus in the true mint wilt thou coin the Shabad,
the divine name. Such alone, who has HIS grace and kindness adopt this way. On
"O Nanak, shower rain of Grace Divine. Absorbed are they forever and ever.
Theirs is the Eternal Bliss."
" Share your earnings with others
who are less fortunate - "Vand Chakna"
" Always remember God - "Naam Japna"
" Live a honest Life and to earn your living with honest labor - "Kirat
Bole So Nihal
SAT SRI AKAAL_VYAGURU JEE KA KHALSA
VYGURU JEE KEE FATEH-